As we all know that Finance Minister has made amendment that all the individuals having income more than Rs.5 lakhs is required to file their income tax return for the assessment year 2013-14. Thus it increases the number of individuals who would be filing e-returns significantly. Due date of filing tax return is not far away so it’s time to revise the procedure of e-filing of tax return or learn the process of e-filing for first timers.
1) Registration or Login
If you e-filing return for the first time, then get yourself registered on the income tax website. If you are already registered then confirm the user id and password by login to avoid last minute worries.
2) Selecting the ITR Form
One of the most important steps is to choose the correct ITR form, which is prescribed by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) every year. There are 8 ITR forms prescribed by the CBDT in which ITR 1 and ITR 2 is for Individuals, else all are for firms, companies, partnership or for political parties.
Form ITR 1 (Sahaj) is for individuals having salary income, income from other sources and income from one house property.
Form ITR 2 is for individuals and HUFs who have salary income, income from other sources, capital gains/ loss, income from one house property and also having foreign assets and so on.
3) Providing Correct Personal Information
Income from all the sources should be disclosed truly and accurately. Most of the times taxpayer forget to show bank interest or interest from FD under the head Income from Other Sources, results into no credit of TDS deducted by bank. Also disclosing all the income avoids notices from tax officials. Taxpayer should avoid estimation or approximation of income.
5) Claiming Losses
Showing income correctly but leaving losses behind will results into denial of carried forward of losses thus increasing the tax liability in future. So all the incomes as well as losses should be shown clearly under in respective schedule under the correct heads of income.
6) Particulars of taxes paid
Form 26AS should be refer to ascertain and verify all the taxes paid or deducted at source to avoid short or excess payment of taxes. Every challan should be separately claimed, consolidation could lead to mismatch of tax paid. Also TDS on salary should be claimed only in TDS Salary schedule and TDS on income other than salary should be claimed only in TDS on income other than salary schedule.
7) Details of Foreign Assets and Bank Accounts
Finance Act, 2012 made this information mandatory to be filled by Resident and Ordinarily Resident taxpayers.
8) Incomes charged with Special Rates
Incomes taxed or to be taxed at special rate should be bifurcated and shown separately from incomes taxed at normal rates. Taxpayer should disclose such income in Schedule IS, if there is no provision in respective schedules like CG or OS.
9) Verify the XML
Before uploading the generated XML file on the income tax portal, taxpayer should recheck all the information to ensure the correctness. In case of discrepancy in the xml, the xml should be regenerated and re-checked to ensure accurate uploading of information.
10) Return Filing acknowledgement (ITR-V)
In case e-filing is done without digital signature, it is mandatory to submit the ITR-V form generated to the CPC Bangalore within 120 days from the date of filing return. Always take Xerox of ITR-V before sending it to CPC for uncertainties.
This completes the hassle free filing of tax return electronically. In case any discrepancies found after submitting ITR, you can file rectification online
tax 'N' accounts people
Tarun Kumar Gupta
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